PRGR 665 and PRGR 681 are two water core courses for students in the Water Specialization. The water core requirements are only within the concentration and are not part of the Diploma general core requirements.
This course offers an introduction to the instrumentation trade as it applies to the day-to-day operation of water/wastewater treatment plants. Topics discussed include types of instruments and control equipment, process measurement and control principles, terminology, design and control systems documentations, operators training and troubleshooting techniques. It is important to note that this course is not aimed to create trades persons, but is designed from the viewpoint of plant operators, so they can develop more awareness of the plant staff and allow them to effectively monitor and control the plant and major equipment, the treatment process, water production and plant wastes.
The course covers basic information about the water and sewer utility operating environment and water sources, as well as the key issues in water demand planning. Students will learn about the history of drinking water regulations and current regulations including the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Clean Water Act. Topics include: today’s water crisis, management and best practices, an introduction to regulatory affairs and restrictions, water sources in the region and globally, commercial and domestic water use, our water footprint, responding to the water crisis, and new trends.
Analysis and design using commercially available software: water distribution systems including pipes, reservoir, pumps and losses. Results visualizations and assessment: pressure, velocity, head losses. Analysis and design using commercially available software: wastewater collection systems including pipes, manholes, drop manholes, wet wells, and other appurtenances. Results visualizations and assessment. Maintenance & Safety; Sampling, Sampling Methods and Parameters; Analysis & Data Handling; Management & Supervision.
Physical, chemical and biological water quality parameters determinations and standards; water treatment units: screens; sedimentation, coagulation/flocculation processes, filtration, and disinfection. This course will also survey the commonly used thermal and membrane based desalination technologies. Environmental, sustainability and economic factors which may influence the performance, affordability and more wide-spread use of desalination systems for fresh water production and reuse will be highlighted.
Wastewater Characteristics, Mass balances concept; Preliminary treatment; Primary treatment; secondary biological treatment including: activated sludge process, aerated lagoons, SBR, trickling filters, RBC; nitrification-denitrification processes; introduction to sludge treatment and disposal; Sludge stabilization; Thickening; De-watering; Anaerobic digestion; Composting; disposal; Waste to Energy.
Water requirements of plants. Irrigation scheduling. Soil moisture sensors. Quality requirements for irrigation water and crop selection. Modern irrigation systems: micro-sprinkler systems, drip systems, irrigation efficiency and energy demands of irrigation systems. Use of renewable energy for irrigation. Precision Irrigation systems.
Quantitative methods for analyzing water resource problems. Design and management of facilities for river basin development, water supply, hydropower, and other activities related to water resources. Stochastic and deterministic methods for approaching and analyzing water resources problems. strategies for water management including water harvesting, non-conventional water sources for agriculture, groundwater recharge. Techniques, methods, and strategies for agricultural, domestic, industrial, and municipal water conservation planning and sustainable use in dry lands.