Elective courses are not limited to the list below, courses from other specializations will also be considered as electives

PRGR 670 Life Cycle Assessment - 2 credits

This module introduces the principles and methods of life cycle thinking and life-cycle assessment (LCA) with specific reference to agricultural and energy systems using attributional LCA. The module will be based around the ISO 14040 methodology and will involve developing a LCA model common software packages such as MS-Excel. It will focus on the four common stages of LCA: (i) definition of the Goal and Scope; (ii) Life Cycle Inventory Analysis; (iii) Life Cycle Impact Assessment and (iv) Interpretation with a specific focus on carbon footprint, water footprint and energy audit. Case studies will consider LCA studies of agricultural systems, energy systems and selected industrial processes and products.

Course Syllabus

PRGR 673 Research Skills Development - General - 2 credits

Objective of this module is to enable learners to develop critical research skills, including requisite skills for clear and concise communication of research plans, research progress and findings to experts in their respective area thought more efficient use of software and commonly used resources. Focus is on structured inquiry from experiments and/or data collection and analysis, rather than hypothesis or theory to be tested. The module processes will integrate knowledge gained from all other modules in the program, to develop the rationale for research, set out research objectives and methods, analyze and interrogate data, and draw validated conclusions.

Course Syllabus

PRGR 677 Cost-Benefit Analysis - 2 credits

Introduction, conceptual and microeconomic foundations of cost-benefit analysis. Valuation of costs and benefits across time through discounting; dealing with uncertainty. Shadow price of foreign exchange, financial and economic analysis of investment projects. Case studies.

Course Syllabus

PRGR 679 Project Management, Risk Management and Planning - 2 credits

The abilities to propose, plan, execute and close a project are essential qualities of every manager. This proposal aims to help the student to develop the skill required from every project manager. It will also address common risk management and contingency planning. This should be delivered in accordance with internationally recognized global project management standard bodies, such as PMI, to aid the students who wish to become certified project managers.

PRGR 680 Innovation and Knowledge Transfer - 2 credits

The aim of this module is to help students understand theory and practice for investing in and managing green ventures while exercising corporate social responsibility. Sustainability within the organization and in the external environment. It will develop knowledge and exposure to sustainable business concepts. Students will learn how to initiate, manage and implement a sustainable innovative project by collaboratively working on a venture which will be written up and presented at the end of the semester. The course will cover the management process required to transform an innovative idea into a commercial opportunity or business proposition. It will detail the stages and processes involved in the management and commercialization of intellectual property (IP). Students from all disciplines will be involved in the creation of knowledge in the form of intellectual property. Students will be provided with a fundamental understanding of how to manage the development of IP and transfer this asset to the Knowledge Economy. The module will examine some success stories and then addresses the requirements to manage and protect intellectual property rights (IPR) in areas such as ICT, Life Sciences, Engineering, Food and Energy. The potential routes to commercialization and the key business feasibility questions will be considered: can the product be made, will someone buy it and is it possible to make a profit? This module will provide an essential grounding in matters relating to the exploitation of IP, for students interested in both academic and industrial careers. The deliverables of this module will require team projects and participants will graded via continuous assessment.