Energy audits, upgrade of building envelope, sustainable practices for envelope preservation, electric supplies, lighting, and HVAC system. Hands – on evaluation and experimentation of building envelope materials and systems. Building interaction with the environment and occupants. Interaction of building enclosure with mechanical systems.
This course centers on issues surrounding the integration of sustainable and passive design principles, into conceptual and practical Building design. Topics will include: solar geometry, climate/regional limitations, natural lighting, passive design and sustainability initiatives, insulating and energy storing material. Bio-climatic design and concepts. Case studies will be used extensively as a vehicle to discuss the success/failure of ideas and their physical applications.
The module serves as the main process for a establishing a net zero energy building/architecture by means of enabling a building to generate the electrical energy it needs from its own resources. The module thus delves into the two main building’s self-energy sources; wind and solar PV. It covers the implementations of micro or mid-scale wind turbines and solar PV systems for the generation of electrical energy. The module also covers storage and grid connection mechanisms as well. Lighting efficiency and electrical installation issues.
**Can be counted as Energy concentration course.
Assessment of building design and construction operations: Project rating systems (LEED, BREEAM, GSAS, etc.). Embodied energy, carbon content, and emission of CO2, SO2 and NOx of building materials, elements, and construction process. Water conservation, water management systems, water efficient landscaping, green roofing, rainwater harvesting, sanitary fixtures and plumbing systems, wastewater treatment and reuse, and process water strategies.
Building disposal techniques including deconstruction as well as selective and partial selective demolition. Design and construction for deconstruction and reuse. Waste minimization through prefabrication, preassembly, and modular construction. Sustainable waste management including recycling and reuse of waste materials and components.
Energy conservation measures in the built in environment to enhance the building’s energy efficiency while maintaining space thermal comfort and indoor air quality requirement. Overall and segmental thermal comfort models with localized air quality. Fundamental ventilation, indoor-air-quality, infiltration natural and mechanical ventilation, importance and impact of indoor air quality on human health and energy performance of the building air conditioning system. ASHRAE requirements for ventilation. Personalized ventilation and personalized cooling devises.
Heat pumps in low energy and passive buildings. Ground source Heat Pump fundamentals, loop Systems, open Systems, soil/rock classification and conductivity, grouting procedures, performance of ground source heat pumps in housing units. Water loop heat pumps, inside the building, bore holes, design and optimization of heat pump plants, including heat sources for such plants are considered in detail. Cost effective design options.
Indoor space thermal models. Analysis and modeling of building energy systems involving applications of thermodynamics, economics, heat transfer, fluid flow and optimization. The use of modern computational tools to model thermal performance characteristics of components of HVAC systems including chillers, recovery systems, flow control devices, heat exchanges, solar panels, dehumidification systems, boilers, condensers, cooling towers, fans, duct systems, piping systems and pumps.
The Building Management Systems course provides the necessary tools to control, monitor and optimize the building’s facilities, mechanical and electrical equipment for comfort, safety, and efficiency. It covers the principles of the building automation systems (BAS) applied to commercial HVAC equipment, lighting systems, fire and security systems; with keen emphasize on the control routine for energy efficiency.
**Can be counted as Energy concentration course